Social Policy, Human Development and Society

What is studied in Social, Policy Human Development, and Society?

Day by day new social, political, and institutional development challenges are configured. For this reason, knowledge that contributes to the design of effective and viable policies to overcome poverty and improve the living conditions of the population is fostered from this area.

The research conducted in this field addresses issues such as public health, education, discrimination, programs to combat poverty, efficiency of public investment, and analysis of the impact of extractive industries, among others.

Each of these works aims to consolidate the full exercise of the citizens' rights and position it as a mechanism for social change. The solid findings of its researchers are useful for building a development agenda to strengthen institutional capacities and consolidate democratic life in the country.​​​

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Diferencias de género en la aversión al riesgo: ¿son las mujeres intrínsecamente menos arriesgadas que los hombres? (“Gender differences in risk aversion: are women inherently less venturous than men?”)

Researcher (es) : arlette cecilia lourdes beltrán barco

Research area : Social Policy, Human Development and Society

In Latin America and worldwide, it is observed that there are fewer women holding positions of responsibility in various companies and sectors of economic activity. These gender gaps are important, especially in more developed countries. In addition, when women participate as entrepreneurs, they do so in less favorable conditions, since they are owners or leaders of smaller, less profitable companies, of lower growth, or more informal. One hypothesis states that all this happens because women tend to be more risk-averse than men, while most business positions are characterized by not being risk-neutral. Thus, the objective of this paper is to analyze whether, intrinsically, women tend to be more risk-averse than men in most of the decisions they make, whether at home or in the labor market. That would mark an important guideline in all those measures which are deployed globally to strengthen the leadership and empowerment of women in the economy.

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Clientelismo electoral y patronazgo en el Perú (“Electoral clientelism and patronage in Peru”)

Researcher (es) : paula muñoz chirinos

Research area : Social Policy, Human Development and Society

Studying the Peruvian case was fundamental for the theoretical refining on electoral clientelism (Muñoz 2013, 2014) and, therefore, may also be useful for a comparative study of political patronage in Latin America. This new research is part of a comparative project on patronage in the region entitled "The Politics of Patronage in Latin America" and led by professors Francisco Panizza (London School of Economics), Guy Peters (University of Pittsburgh), Conrado Ramos (Universidad de la República del Uruguay) and Gerardo Scherlis (Universidad de Buenos Aires). Conventional studies of electoral clientelism and patronage in Latin America have focused almost exclusively on cases with a strong local party organization. However, in terms of the weakness of the party system, Peru may be more typical in Latin America than any other countries. Therefore, it is crucial to include Peru as an extreme case.

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Professor at Universidad del Pacífico Academic Department of Economics and researcher at the university’s Research Center. Currently, he serves as Coordinator at the of Social Policies, Human Development, and Civil Society area. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics and a Master in Economics and Finance from CEMFI (Spain). He holds a Licentiate Title in Economics from Universidad del Pacífico.​

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