In Latin America, the recent boom of Chinese investment is seen by some as a blessing, for allowing a greater economic growth, and by others as a curse, because it is highly concentrated in primary and extractive sectors. What is the balance of this experience? Have Chinese investments been an engine of positive change? Do Chinese companies in our region have a different performance from other companies? In this book, researchers of eight countries Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Mexico and Peru come together to answer these questions. Their studies emphasize the social and environmental side of the relation with China, and the performance of Chinese enterprises in relation to other multinationals, and national governments to set high regulatory standards. This is an analytical and informative reading, and a call to forge international relations based on cooperation and mutual respect.