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Distribución del ingreso, financiarización y crisis en América Latina (“Income distribution, financialization, and the crisis in Latin America”)Alarco Tosoni, GermánMacroeconomics and Economic PolicyBuilding on the results of previous research, the project explores both the factorial study on income distribution and personal distribution. It also adds to the distributional problem the analysis of financial phenomena known as "financialization" that, according to post-Keynesian logic, help explain the level of economic activity and crises. Thus, both high inequality and "financialization" are both cause and consequence of various economic phenomena. What is "financialization"? How can it help generate economic crises? Is there evidence of such crises in Latin America? How have the increase in inequality and "financialization" generated crises in several economies in the region? These are some of the questions of the project, which aims to analyze these issues for the Peruvian economy and for Latin America between 1950 and 2014.15Distribución del ingreso, financiarización y crisis en América Latina (“Income distribution, financialization, and the crisis in Latin America”)http://www.up.edu.pe/en/Lists/Proyectos/DispForm.aspx?ID=15
El sistema previsional y el ahorro personal en el Perú (“The pension plan and personal saving in Peru”)SEMINARIO DE MARZI, Luis Bruno;Cruz-Saco Oyague, María AmparoMacroeconomics and Economic PolicyIn order to continue and expand the research work around the Peruvian pension plan, it is important to calculate the level of personal saving in a historical way. This is because the pension plan based on mandatory saving in our economy has as one of its main arguments the low level of saving at the individual level, which compromises the economic stability of older adults. Finally, forecasts of current pension plans (contributory and non-contributory) are of vital importance for assessing the actuarial sustainability of the ONP (“public plan”) and the efficiency and adequacy of the ONP, the AFP (private pension fund) and Pensión 65 (subsidised pension scheme for poor elderly Peruvians). While it has forecasts of the private pension fund (AFP), these will be refined with appropriate estimates of mortality tables at the departmental level and forecasts of contribution and coverage for the ONP and Pensión 65.43El sistema previsional y el ahorro personal en el Perú (“The pension plan and personal saving in Peru”)http://www.up.edu.pe/en/Lists/Proyectos/DispForm.aspx?ID=43
Las tendencias de largo plazo de la desigualdad regional en el Perú, 1795-2015 (“The long-term trends of regional inequality in Peru, 1795-2015”)SEMINARIO DE MARZI, Luis BrunoMacroeconomics and Economic PolicyThis research will summarize the currently available main statistical evidence on the spatial distribution of population and economic activity in Peru from 1795 to 2015. It is part of a multinational project entitled "Regional Inequality in Europe and America: long term trends and explanatory factors (1890-2010)", organized by the Latin American Congress of Economic History (Spanish: CLADHE), in which the author participates representing the CIUP.44Las tendencias de largo plazo de la desigualdad regional en el Perú, 1795-2015 (“The long-term trends of regional inequality in Peru, 1795-2015”)http://www.up.edu.pe/en/Lists/Proyectos/DispForm.aspx?ID=44
Conflictos mineros y acuerdos comunitarios: identificación de mecanismos de retroalimentación (“Mining conflicts and community agreements: identification of feedback mechanisms”)CASAS TRAGODARA, Carlos AugustoMacroeconomics and Economic PolicyMining is important for the country, both for the communities and the State. It is therefore necessary to develop a quantitative approach to the occurrence of social conflicts in Peru. This will allow us to generate some stylized facts and the development of statistical models to identify the socioeconomic conditions that determine the appearance of a conflict. In addition, it is important to establish a characterization of the agreements between communities and mining companies and their relation to the origin of the conflict. And finally, develop public policy proposals in order to create a favorable environment for mining investment and have a conflict early warning system.59Conflictos mineros y acuerdos comunitarios: identificación de mecanismos de retroalimentación (“Mining conflicts and community agreements: identification of feedback mechanisms”)http://www.up.edu.pe/en/Lists/Proyectos/DispForm.aspx?ID=59
Reestimación de la serie del PBI del Perú: 2000-2015 (“Re-estimation of Peru’s GDP Series: 2000-2015”)MENDOZA PÉREZ, JuanMacroeconomics and Economic PolicyThe re-estimation has two reasons. The first is to measure the sensitivity of the GDP series before the dramatic changes in relative prices, particularly export and import prices, in the last fifteen years. The second reason is to investigate the strength of the methodology used by the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics (Spanish: INEI) to impute the added value of services. Analysis of INEI’s growth data suggests that we can improve the information that citizens receive about the evolution of our economy.60Reestimación de la serie del PBI del Perú: 2000-2015 (“Re-estimation of Peru’s GDP Series: 2000-2015”)http://www.up.edu.pe/en/Lists/Proyectos/DispForm.aspx?ID=60

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