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Dinámica entre estrategias competitivas, recursos y capacidades, y desempeño de empresas exportadoras en Latinoamérica (“Dynamics between competitive strategies, resources, and capabilities, and performance of exporting companies in Latin America”)Heredia Pérez, JorgeBusiness Management and Social ResponsibilityThe implementation of competitive strategies is an important aspect for exporters because, as several authors have shown, strategy failures occur more in the implementation phase than in the formulation, and this is reflected in the performance. These failures show that the strategies need to be supported by resources and capacities to develop a sustainable competitive advantage over time. This research presents an unprecedented theoretical model that explains how interactions between resources / capabilities, competitive strategies, and export performance of companies in emerging economies develop, from a theoretical perspective that integrates the institutional perspective, of the industry, and of resources and capabilities. Thus, managers of exporting companies will recognize the elements that must be considered for a successful implementation of competitive strategies.29Dinámica entre estrategias competitivas, recursos y capacidades, y desempeño de empresas exportadoras en Latinoamérica (“Dynamics between competitive strategies, resources, and capabilities, and performance of exporting companies in Latin America”)http://www.up.edu.pe/en/Lists/Proyectos/DispForm.aspx?ID=29
Distribución del ingreso, financiarización y crisis en América Latina (“Income distribution, financialization, and the crisis in Latin America”)Alarco Tosoni, GermánMacroeconomics and Economic PolicyBuilding on the results of previous research, the project explores both the factorial study on income distribution and personal distribution. It also adds to the distributional problem the analysis of financial phenomena known as "financialization" that, according to post-Keynesian logic, help explain the level of economic activity and crises. Thus, both high inequality and "financialization" are both cause and consequence of various economic phenomena. What is "financialization"? How can it help generate economic crises? Is there evidence of such crises in Latin America? How have the increase in inequality and "financialization" generated crises in several economies in the region? These are some of the questions of the project, which aims to analyze these issues for the Peruvian economy and for Latin America between 1950 and 2014.15Distribución del ingreso, financiarización y crisis en América Latina (“Income distribution, financialization, and the crisis in Latin America”)http://www.up.edu.pe/en/Lists/Proyectos/DispForm.aspx?ID=15
El Congreso de los Estados Unidos y el gobierno militar peruano, 1968-1975 (“The United States Congress and the Peruvian military government, 1968-1975”)BARRETO VELÁZQUEZ, NorbertoHumanitiesThe project seeks to fill the void in the study of Peruvian-American relations to analyze the role played by the US Congress key institution to its political system during one of the hottest periods in the history of bilateral relations: The Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces. For its leftist and nationalist character, the regime of Juan Velasco Alvarado adopted an anti-imperialist discourse that led to an interesting confrontation with the government of the United States. He expropriated several US corporations, including the International Petroleum Company (IPC), the most notorious case during that time. In this part of the story, researchers have paid little attention to diplomatic and international elements, especially to the interaction of the Peruvian military with the US government. In this regard, the project will contribute to the development of two lines of research: the analysis of Peruvian-US relations and the study of the role of the Congress in the development of the US foreign policy.16El Congreso de los Estados Unidos y el gobierno militar peruano, 1968-1975 (“The United States Congress and the Peruvian military government, 1968-1975”)http://www.up.edu.pe/en/Lists/Proyectos/DispForm.aspx?ID=16
Diferencias de género en la aversión al riesgo: ¿son las mujeres intrínsecamente menos arriesgadas que los hombres? (“Gender differences in risk aversion: are women inherently less venturous than men?”)BELTRÁN BARCO, Arlette Cecilia LourdesSocial Policy, Human Development and SocietyIn Latin America and worldwide, it is observed that there are fewer women holding positions of responsibility in various companies and sectors of economic activity. These gender gaps are important, especially in more developed countries. In addition, when women participate as entrepreneurs, they do so in less favorable conditions, since they are owners or leaders of smaller, less profitable companies, of lower growth, or more informal. One hypothesis states that all this happens because women tend to be more risk-averse than men, while most business positions are characterized by not being risk-neutral. Thus, the objective of this paper is to analyze whether, intrinsically, women tend to be more risk-averse than men in most of the decisions they make, whether at home or in the labor market. That would mark an important guideline in all those measures which are deployed globally to strengthen the leadership and empowerment of women in the economy.18Diferencias de género en la aversión al riesgo: ¿son las mujeres intrínsecamente menos arriesgadas que los hombres? (“Gender differences in risk aversion: are women inherently less venturous than men?”)http://www.up.edu.pe/en/Lists/Proyectos/DispForm.aspx?ID=18
La psicofísica, los precios y los mercados: evidencia de una población amazónica (“Psychophysics, prices, and markets: evidence of an Amazonian population”)Bird, MatthewSocial Policy, Human Development and SocietyThere’s the hypothesis that, in a society where human relationships are mediated by market logic or goods, people tend to develop a capitalist mentality. Recently, the perspective of cultural psychology has come to influence some studies of decision making. Thus, we have experimental evidence that people from different socio-cultural contexts present systematic differences in the way how they think (cognition), in what they want (motivation) and how they feel (emotion), which, linked to socio-cultural practices, influence systematically their decisions. However, the original hypothesis still has not been studied or tested. This study aims to test the influence of market logic in economic decisions through an experimental comparison between a group of Ashaninka migrants in Lima and an Ashaninka group in its place of origin (Satipo). Specifically, two kinds of experiments will be performed: a mathematical experiment and an economic experiment.19La psicofísica, los precios y los mercados: evidencia de una población amazónica (“Psychophysics, prices, and markets: evidence of an Amazonian population”)http://www.up.edu.pe/en/Lists/Proyectos/DispForm.aspx?ID=19

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