New Security Challenges:Organized Crime & Urban Conflict in the Americas
Keynote speakers
Laurie Blank

Laurie R. Blank is a Clinical Professor of Law and the Director of the International Humanitarian Law Clinic at Emory University School of Law, where she teaches the law of armed conflict and works directly with students to provide assistance to international tribunals, non-governmental organizations and militaries around the world on cutting edge issues in humanitarian law and human rights.

Professor Blank is the co-author of International Law and Armed Conflict: Fundamental Principles and Contemporary Challenges in the Law of War, a casebook on the law of war (with G. Noone, Aspen Publishing 2013; Concise Edition 2016). She is also the co-director of a multi-year project on military training programs in the law of war and the co-author of Law of War Training: Resources for Military and Civilian Leaders.

Kevin Jon Heller

Kevin Jon Heller is Associate Professor of Public International Law at the University of Amsterdam and Recurring Visiting Professor of Criminal Law at SOAS, University of London. His books include The Nuremberg Military Tribunals and the Origins of International Criminal Law (Oxford University Press, 2011) and The Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials (Oxford University Press, 2013) (edited with Gerry Simpson).

Kevin has been involved in the International Criminal Court’s negotiations over the crime of aggression, worked as Human Rights Watch’s external legal advisor on the trial of Saddam Hussein, served for three years as one of Radovan Karadzic's formally-appointed legal associates at the ICTY, and was the plaintiffs’ expert witness concerning medical experimentation in Salim v. Mitchell, a successful Alien Tort Statute case against the psychologists who designed and administered the CIA’s torture program.

call for papers
After the dictatorships and armed conflicts of the latter half of the 20th century, Latin American security has entered a new stage. Politically motivated armed groups are subsiding, while new criminal actors (drug cartels, transnational gangs, and criminal organizations) are flourishing from Mexico to Brazil. The protection of human rights in the fight against crime is adapting to this new reality. In Mexico, Brazil, Peru, and even in the United States, however, there is a worrisome tendency to militarize responses to international crime, sometimes even involving the use of legal tools more proper to armed conflict and international humanitarian law than to traditional police action and crime fighting. This Seminar will explore the human rights challenges posed by this new security situation and seek to offer concrete steps and policy options for Latin American governments to pursue. In particular, the Seminar looks to gather lessons other regions may have learned from similar situations.
Also Available in:
  • The lower threshold for the application of international humanitarian law, the classification of a situation as an armed conflict or internal disturbance, and the legal strategies for the fight against organized crime.
  • Rules of engagement in situations of urban conflict and war in cities, particularly in counter-terrorism operations and the fight against organized crime, including in cases of armed conflict.
  • Understanding new organized criminal organizations in the Americas, including, but not limited to, the Colombian Bacrim, the Shining Path in the Peruvian VRAEM, the Brazilian PCC, Mara Salvatrucha, Los Zetas and other Mexican cartels, etc.
  • Militarization of crime-fighting and its consequences, including the application of international humanitarian law in the context of the Americas, both at the national and international levels and its effect in the fight against organized crime.
  • Problems caused by the use of private security contractors in the fight against crime or the conduct of hostilities.
  • The humanitarian consequences of armed conflict and organized crime on gender equality and vulnerable groups such as persons in situation of mobility, indigenous peoples, etc.
  • Ways to promote dissemination of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law in the context of fighting organized crime in Latin America.
Universidad del Pacífico
Jr. Sanchez Cerro 2121, Jesús María 15072
Lima - Perú
T. (01) 2190100
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LANGUAGES The official language is Spanish. Nonetheless in the Andean and Amazonian areas Quechua, Aymara and other native languages are also spoken.
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ELECTRICITY The electricity supply in Peru is 220 Volts AC, 60 Hz. Most outlets are two-pin (European standard) but also accept the US type (with two flat parallel blades). Major hotels have 110 volt outlets for electric razors.
CURRENCY The currency in Peru is the Peruvian Sol (PEN); 1 USD = 3.25 PEN (April, 2016). We suggest that you only change money at the airport, hotels, banks and exchange agencies.
LOCAL WEATHER Limas’s temperature in october is rising in ranges from 20 °C to 25 °C.
DRINKING WATER It is highly recommended to drink bottled water.
CAB SERVICES Always take taxis from the hotels. Taxis do not have a meter. You must ask for the price of the ride before boarding the vehicle.
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Phone: (51-1) 219-0266 / (51-1) 219-0277

Also available: Uber / Cabify / Taxi beat

Hosting Information
Contact: Giovanna Alegria
Position: Corporate Account Executive
Phone: (511) 200-9200 Ext: 5431
E-mail: galegria@costadelsolperu.com
Hotel: ATTON
Contact: Natalia Murdoch
Position: Corporate Sales Executive
Phone: (511) 208-1222
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GASTRONOMY Peruvian cuisine is delicious and diverse with jungle fruits, succulent fish and seafood, hot peppery sauces. There are traditional restaurants specializing in the famous “cebiche” -fresh fish marinated in lime juice-, or “anticuchos”, shish-kebabs of spicy marinated meat cooked over charcoal, or Chifa restaurants which provide Peru’s exotic alternative to Chinese cuisine. Peruvian beer is excellent and the wine very good, but the national drink, of course, is the “Pisco Sour”, made from grape brandy with lime juice and our secret formula. Also try the delicious, non-alcoholic “Chicha Morada” made from local purple corn.

Our recommendation:
Adress: Calle 2 de Mayo 298, Miraflores, Lima
Phone: (511) 242-5957
Adress: Tudela y Varela 160 - 162 , San Isidro, Lima
Phone: (511) 421-5228
Huaca Pucllana
Fusion cuisine
Adress: General Borgoño cdra. 8, Miraflores, Lima
Phone: (511) 445-4042
Adress: Av. Felipe Salaverry 2370, Jesús María, Lima
Phone: (511) 461-6732
In restaurants, a 18% VAT and a 10% service charge are included, but you should give the waiter an extra 5% or 10% for a tip. Bell captain services are normally tipped with a few soles or dollars. Taxi drivers do not expect a tip.